Tree falling is removing and cutting down a tree by severing its roots from the trunk. As the tree is cut so close to the ground, it is essential to utilize expert tree-felling procedures to ensure the safety of everyone involved and to prevent collateral harm to the surrounding environment. Here we will examine the various tree-cutting techniques.
Types of Tree Felling Cuts
Cutting into the tree from behind is the conventional way to create a back cut. There is a risk of a “Barber Chair” emerging in trees leaning or with a bigger diameter, a vertical split in the trunk. Bore cuts can be used to lessen this threat significantly.
A chainsaw is used to bore a hole through the trunk perpendicular to the line of descent. That safeguards the tree’s stability by preserving a trunk portion at the back. Once the notch and rear cut are finished, you can cut this to make the tree fall.
If, after performing a typical notch and back-cut, a tree still stands, felling aids can be used to help bring it down. Conventional tools include metal breaking bars that fit into the back cut and apply leverage in the direction of the notch to bring down the tree.
Wedge-shaped tree felling tools can be inserted into the back cut to keep the tree from leaning back on the cut. Tree-felling wedges can be safely brought down in the right direction by driving them into the cut with a sledgehammer.
To knock down multiple trees at once, a technique called “tree driving” is used. Trees that have fallen and become entangled in nearby branches can be freed with this tool, as can trees that have been partially chopped but have since sat back onto the cut or that need to be pushed against their natural lean.
The driving tree needs to be tall and heavy enough to topple the target tree, and ideally, it will also have a slight tilt that will direct its fall in the desired direction.
By straining against the tree’s natural lean, we can bring it down. A tree can be dropped away from a building or power lines or moved into a more convenient processing location. By using a winch system, the tree is pulled backward against its natural lean.
The winch for a direct pull arrangement is placed at least two tree lengths beyond the tree, while a winch and block system might be more suitable for positioning the winch in tighter quarters. When the rope is attached as high in the tree as feasible, it allows for more precise management of the descent.
The proximity of other buildings and structures can make it difficult to down a tree using traditional methods in urban settings. In these places, removing the crane is one option for down trees by hand.
To do this, a crane supports the weight of a big chunk of the tree before it is chopped down. The potential for property damage can be considerably mitigated in this way.
Selecting the most appropriate felling cut is a learned skill. Several potential dangers are associated with using the incorrect cut in a forestry and training setting. There is no such thing as a bad cut. But, little mistakes are made by humans when cutting. All of these slip-ups are going to end up becoming a major catastrophe. To assist you, we have compiled a list of the most typical tree-felling cuts.